Georgia Country Overview
Where is Georgia located? The state of Georgia can be found in Western Asia and is located in Transcaucasia. On the time zone map of the world, countries are divided into world time zones along the lines of longitude. The time zone that Georgia is in is called “Geogia Time” (GET). Clocks in this time zone are always 4 hours later than Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) clocks. This does not change in the summer months either, since there is no time shift to summer time.
Bordering Countries of Georgia
According to abbreviationfinder, Georgia is a country located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia, bordered by four countries: Russia to the north, Turkey and Armenia to the south, and Azerbaijan to the east. Georgia has a land area of 69,700 square kilometers and a population of around 3.7 million people. Its capital city is Tbilisi which serves as an important cultural center for both Georgia and the wider Caucasus region.
To Georgia’s north lies Russia which covers an area of 17 million square kilometers with a population of around 146 million people making it one of the world’s most populous countries. It has varied terrain consisting mostly of plains but there are also some mountains in its southern regions such as Mount Elbrus rising up to 5642 meters above sea level making it Europe’s highest mountain. Its main river is Volga River which flows through its central region from northwest to southeast before emptying into Caspian Sea at Astrakhan Oblast in Southern Russia near Kazakhstan border. Moscow is the capital city located near Volga River in Central Russia where many government buildings can be found such as Kremlin or Red Square among others.
To Georgia’s south lies Turkey which covers an area of 783,562 square kilometers with a population just under 82 million people making it one of Europe’s most populous countries after Germany and France. It has mostly mountainous terrain but there are also some plains along its coastlines where major cities like Istanbul are located along Bosporus Strait between Sea Of Marmara and Black Sea. The main river in Turkey is Euphrates River flowing through its eastern region from southwest to northeast forming part of its border with Syria before entering into Iraq further downstream where it eventually empties into Persian Gulf via Shatt Al-Arab waterway near Basra Province in Iraq. Ankara is the capital city located near Anatolian Plateau in Central Turkey where many government buildings can be found such as Grand National Assembly Building or Presidential Palace among others.
To Georgia’s east lies Azerbaijan which covers an area of 86,600 square kilometers with a population just under 10 million people making it one of Asia’s most populous countries after Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. It has mostly flat terrain but there are also some mountains in its southern regions such as Mount Bazarduzu rising up to 4466 meters above sea level making it Azerbaijan’s highest mountain. Its main river is Kura River which flows through its central region from northwest to southeast before entering into Caspian Sea at Lankaran Province near Iran border. Baku is the capital city located near Absheron Peninsula on Caspian Sea where many government buildings can be found such as Millennium Tower or Flame Towers among others.
As of 2023, the latest population of Georgia is 3,997,000, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||0.05%|
|Birth rate||12.30 births per 1,000 people|
|65 years and above||16.27%|
|Median age||37.90 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||0.91|
|Population density||57.35 residents per km²|
|Georgians (excluding Abkhazia and South Ossetia). 84% Georgians, 7% Azerbaijanis, 6% Armenians, 1.5% Russians, 0.9% Ossetians and others|
|Georgian Orthodox 65%, Muslim 11%, Russian Orthodox 10%, Armenian Apostolic 8%, unknown 6%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.786|
|HDI ranking||70th out of 194|
People in Georgia
3.7 million people live in Georgia. 1.1 million live in the capital Tbilisi alone. The next largest cities are Kutaisi, Batumi and Rustawi. 60 percent of the population live in cities, 40 percent in rural areas. Georgian women have an average of 1.75 children.
Georgia is a multi-ethnic state. About 26 ethnic groups are at home here. At 83 percent, however, the Georgians are by far the largest group. In the west of the country their share is 97 percent, in the east, however, only 75 percent.
The next largest groups are Azerbaijanis (6.5 percent) and Armenians (5.7 percent). The relationship can be very different in individual regions. In the Niederkartlien region, on the border with Azerbaijan, there are just as many Azerbaijanis as Georgians. On the border with Armenia, the Armenians even form a slim majority.
Minorities in Georgia are Russians, Ossetians, Abkhazians and Arameans. The proportion of many minorities, such as Russians and Ossetians, has fallen sharply since independence in 1991. Many have left the country. So Russians went back to Russia.
Languages in Georgia
Georgian is spoken in Georgia. That is the official language. Many other languages are also spoken in the country. These include Azerbaijani, Armenian, Abkhazian, Ossetian and Russian.
Georgian belongs to the Caucasian languages and here again to the South Caucasian language family. Georgian has its own alphabet. To write Georgian, an alphabet called Mchedruli is used. The Georgian alphabet consists of 33 letters. And this is what words look like:
საქართველო means: Skartvelo and means: Georgia.
Religions in Georgia
As early as 337, Christianity was declared the state religion in the east of what is now Georgia (then Iberia). So Christianity has a long tradition in the region. Today 75 percent of Georgians belong to the Orthodox Church in their country, the Georgian Orthodox Apostle Church.
Almost 10 percent of the population are Muslim. They live mainly in Adjara, which fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1635. The residents of the time then converted to Islam.
Minorities are Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Jehovah’s Witnesses and members of the Armenian Apostolic Church.