Georgia nicknamed Peace State is located in the southeastern United States. The state, like the other southern states, has many cotton plantations and a rich history of slavery. There are many places of interest in Georgia, such as Stone Mountain, Chickamauga and Chattanoogha National Millitary Park, and the National Battlefield Park. But there are also National Parks, including Oconee National Forest and Chattahoochee National Forest. Major cities in Georgia include Macon, Savannah, Columbus, Albany, and the capital Atlanta. See all cities in Georgia. Off the coast are the Golden Isles, this is an archipelago where many Americans spend their holidays.
Georgia is mostly flat and densely forested, with some small mountains to the north. The highest point in Georgia is the 1,458 high Brasstown Bald. The main rivers are the
Savannah River and the Chattanooche River. Georgia borders Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, South Carolina, and North Carolina. Despite being located on the Atlantic Ocean, Georgia has almost no sandy beaches other than Tybee Island. Georgia is 520 kilometers long from north to south and 400 kilometers from west to east.
The original inhabitants before the colonization were the Cherokee Indians. The Spanish explorer Lucas Vásquez de Ayllón wanted to establish a settlement near St. Catherines Island in 1526. When this failed, they left a trail of destruction.
In the 18th century, the English held a firm grip on Georgia, which led to Georgia giving its current name in 1724 in honor of King George II. In 1733, the first settlers entered Savannah. When the colonial administration abolished slavery, the economic wealth of the state of South Carolina, where slavery still existed, became so great that slavery was allowed again in 1749.
Despite English influence during the American Revolution, Georgia was one of the 13 colonies that revolted against British rule between 1775 and 1783. Georgia was the southernmost state of the 13 colonies in the revolt against the British. Georgia joined the United States on January 2, 1788.
During the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865, Georgia was the fifth state to side with the Confederacy. During the first two years there were no major battles in Georgia. In September 1863 the first real fighting broke out at Chickamauga. With a major victory for the Confederates at the Battle of Chickamauga, the Confederate offensive into southeast Tennessee and northwest Georgia was broken. Georgia was hit hard in 1864 when General William T. Sherman of the Northern Army left a trail of destruction. On November 15, 1864, he first burned down Atlanta and then captured Savannah in December. Georgia was the last southern state to be readmitted to the United States on July 15, 1870.
In 1954, the United States Court ruled that all states should integrate white and black schools. This met a lot of political resistance that lasted until 1961. Tensions among whites and blacks persisted, leading to race riots in the city of Augusta in 1970.
Georgia is one of the least prosperous states in America. The state’s economy is mainly located in the major cities of Atlanta and Savannah. Since Atlanta is a very affordable city for businesses, UPS, Coca-Cola, Home Depot and Delta Airlines, among others, have their headquarters here. Savannah also contributes in part to the economy because it has the largest port in the Southeast. The busiest passenger airport in the world is Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport.
|Joined the US as the 4th State||January 2, 1788|
|Geography||Bordering North & South Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama and Florida|
|state motto||Wisdom, justice, and moderation.|