California has the most inhabitants and, together with Alaska and Texas, is one of the largest states in America. California has three major cities, Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Diego, but the capital is Sacramento. See all cities in California. The majority of the more than 39 million inhabitants live in the large cities. California is fairly flat and is one of the most important agricultural states in America. California is home to many monuments and parks, including National Parks, National Monuments, and Yosemite National Park.
California has a very diverse landscape with mountains, deserts and rainforests. California borders the Mexican state of Baja California, the Pacific Ocean, Oregon, Nevada and Arizona. California is 1,300 miles from north to south and 587 miles from east to west. Also in this state is Death Valley, the lowest point of America. The California coast is still beautiful and fairly untouched. The south is a gigantic urban area, where the suburbs of San Diego and Los Angeles have grown together. More than half of California’s population lives in Los Angeles.
From 1540 the first Spaniards from Mexico set foot on Californian soil. More than two centuries later, under the leadership of Fray Junipero Serra, the real colonization and missionary began. Fray Junipero Serra was even nicknamed the Apostle of California, because he and countless Franciscans tried to convert the population to Christianity.
After the revolution in 1842, California became part of Mexico. The revolution also ensured that Mexico became independent from Spain. During the Mexican-American War that lasted from 1846 to 1848, California gained independence from Mexico and continued under the Bear Flag Republic. On September 9, 1850, California became the 31st state to join the United States.
In 1848 the California Gold Rush arises after gold was first discovered in the American River near the town of Coloma. This news spread rapidly and is causing hundreds of thousands of prospectors to flock to Coloma. In the beginning, a lot of gold was indeed found, which led to murder and manslaughter.
California is a prosperous state where agriculture, fishing, tourism and the timber industry play an important role. In terms of agriculture, citrus fruits, oranges, grapes, rice and sugar beets are the largest exports. For fishing this is herring, swordfish, tuna and salmon. The parks in California are crowded all year round, which provides a lot of income. But Los Angeles also contributes to the economy, such as the film industry and Disney World, which deal in millions of dollars.
|Joined the US as the 38th state on:||9 september 1850|
|Geography:||Bordering Oregon, Utah, New Mexico|
|Official California website:||ca.gov|