Montana nicknamed Treasure State is located in the north of the United States of America. The state is very sparsely populated with a lot of nature and open spaces and is therefore also called the Big Sky Country. In the western part of Montana is Glacier National Park, the most wild park in the country. Historic Helene is the capital of Montana. The town of Butte sits on top of a copper mine. See all cities in Montana.
Montana is located in the northern United States and borders the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan and the states of Wyoming, Idaho and North & South Dakota. Montana is 900 kilometers from east to west and 500 kilometers from north to south. Much of Montana falls under the High Plains, a sparsely populated steppe with isolated mountain ranges in the center of the state. The highest point in Montana is the 3,904 foot high Granite Peak. Part of the large Yellowstone National Park is located in northwestern Montana.
Montana is best known for its mountains, but the east is steppe and flat and the west is mostly forested. Major rivers in the state include the Missouri River and Yellowstone River, which converge just over the border in North Dakota.
In 1742, the French explorers, the brothers François and Louis Joseph de la Vérendrye, were the first to penetrate the Montana area, but it became more widely known through the voyages of Lewis and Clark (1804–1806) and the fur traders who followed in their footsteps. followed. Initially there was much rivalry between the American merchants moving up the Missouri from St. Louis and the English coming from Canada on behalf of the Hudson Bay Company, but in 1846 the Oregon Treaty established the definitive boundary. By then the days of the fur trade were almost over.
In 1841 the famous Belgian missionary De Smet founded the first Jesuit mission among the Indians, but just then more and more white settlers started to settle as the great migration to Oregon went through Montana. Gold was discovered in 1862–1864, which led to a gold rush and conflict with the Indians. The Sioux in particular were formidable enemies, defeating General Custer at Little Bighorn on June 25, 1876. In 1877 the Nez Perces made their famous tour of Montana led by their chief Joseph.
In 1875, a new boom began with the discovery of silver and copper. Already in 1864 Montana was organized as a territory, in 1889 it was admitted to the Union as the 41st state. Politically, Montana has remained very divided, partly because there has traditionally been a strong division between the various immigrant groups.
Montana is a real rural state, the main agricultural activity is ranching because the land is too dry for traditional agriculture. To the east is the Bakken Formation, where much oil has been extracted since 2010. Mining has historically played an important role in the west of the state. In Butte is a large mining museum, the city is located on a copper mine. Tourism also plays an important role, especially the two National Parks Glacier and Yellowstone. Montana typically has a significantly lower unemployment rate than the US average.
|Joined the US as the 41st state on:||8 november 1889|
|Geography:||Friends in Canada, North & South Dakota, Wyoming and Idaho|
|state motto:||Gold and silver|
|California official website:||mt.gov|