Nigeria Country Overview
Where is Nigeria located? The state of Nigeria is located in western Africa and is the most populous country in Africa. On the time zone map, which divides the world into world time zones along the lines of longitude, Nigeria is in a time zone called “West Africa Time” with a time offset of 1 hour from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Accordingly, clocks in Nigeria are always one hour later than world time. This stays the same throughout the year as there is no changeover to daylight saving time.
Bordering Countries of Nigeria
According to abbreviationfinder, Nigeria is a country located in West Africa and it borders a number of other countries. To the northwest of Nigeria is Niger, which itself is located in the Sahel region of Africa. This region is marked by its arid climate and desert landscape. To the northeast of Nigeria lies Chad, another arid desert nation. To the east of Nigeria lies Cameroon, a country where both French and English are spoken. To the south of Nigeria lies Benin, which has a tropical climate and is home to diverse cultures and languages. Finally, to the west of Nigeria lies Togo, a small coastal nation with beautiful beaches and lush forests. All these countries have their own unique cultures, histories, languages and natural landscapes that make them special destinations for travelers looking to explore West Africa.
As of 2023, the latest population of Nigeria is 214,028,302, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate
|36.90 births per 1,000 people
|Overall life expectancy
|Men life expectancy
|Women life expectancy
|65 years and above
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)
|231.69 residents per km²
|approx. 430 ethnic groups: 21% Hausa and others Hamitic and Tschadohamitic ethnic groups (Kanuri, Tuareg) in the N, 21% Yoruba in the SW, 15% I (g) bo, 6% Ibibio and others in the SO, 2% Tiv in the SO and nomads (Fulbe)
|Muslims 50%, Christians 40%, indigenous religions 10%
|Human Development Index (HDI)
|158th out of 194
People in Nigeria
There will be around 195 million people in Nigeria in 2020. Nigeria is the country in Africa with the largest population. The population is still growing rapidly, namely by 2.5 percent per year. Half (50 percent) of Nigeria’s population lives in cities, the other half in rural areas.
Many peoples live in Nigeria. The largest group is formed by the Hausa and Fulani peoples who live in northern Nigeria and together make up 29 percent of the population. The Yoruba live in the southwest and are also at home in neighboring Benin. 21 percent of Nigerians are Yoruba. The Ibo (18 percent) live in the south.
Other peoples are the Ijaw in the south (10 percent), the Kanuri in the northeast (4 percent), the Ibibio in the southeast (3.5 percent) and the Tivom east (2.5 percent). Many other peoples are represented in small minorities.
Children in Nigeria
Each woman in Nigeria has an average of 5.4 children. This is very much. With us, each woman has an average of only 1.4 children. Children and young people in Nigeria make up a large proportion of the population. About half of the population is under 18 years old!
Infant mortality is 3.6 percent, child mortality 7.6 percent (in Germany it is 0.2 and 0.3 percent). That means: more than three out of 100 newborn children die, more than seven out of 100 do not celebrate their first birthday. The numbers have fallen in recent years, but they are still very high.
Languages in Nigeria
514 languages are spoken in Nigeria! Nigeria was a British colony until 1960 and English was adopted and declared the official language when it became independent. So it is spoken in the administration and in the schools is taught in English. Most Nigerians are at least bilingual because the first thing they do is learn the mother tongue of their people.
The Hausa and most of the Fulbe speak the Hausa language. Hausa is also used as a commercial language and is therefore also spoken by other peoples in West and Central Africa. Besides English, Hausa is taught in primary schools. In Hausa, the pitch and length of the syllables change the meaning of the word. “He goes” means in Hausa: yanààtàfiyaa.
Hausa is one of the Chad languages. They are, in turn, a branch of the Afro-Asian languages spoken throughout northern Africa (and western Asia). You can see their distribution on the map.
Hausa is mostly written with Latin letters, the letters that you also know. Four additional letters stand for sounds we don’t know. You can also write Hausa in Arabic script.
Yoruba and Igbo
The Yoruba, the second largest ethnic group in Nigeria and living in the southwest, speaks Yoruba. See also Benin under “People”. Igbo is spoken by many people in the southeast. Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba are the main languages in Nigeria.
Religions in Nigeria
Religious conflicts between Muslims and Christians repeatedly lead to problems, conflicts and violent confrontations. The Hausa and Fulbe who live in the north of the country are traditionally of the Muslim faith. The peoples of the south are predominantly Christians.
The proportion of Muslims and Christians is about half of the population each. Officially, only a few people still adhere to the natural religions, but traditional beliefs often also play a major role among Muslims and Christians. Ancestor cult is practiced as well as the worship of fetishes.
In the north of Nigeria, Sharia, Islamic law, is practiced in 12 of the 36 federal states. Islamist groups like Boko Haram are also raging here. They want to use Islamic law throughout the country and are against Western education. There are repeated attacks on Christians and Christian churches. Thousands of people have already been killed in the attacks. The government has lost control of the north of the country.