Moldova Country Overview
Where is Moldova located? The landlocked country of Moldova, also known as Moldova, is located in south-eastern Europe. The official language is Romanian, but other languages such as Russian or Ukrainian can also be found in Moldova. On the time zone map, Moldova is assigned to the “Eastern European Time” (EET) time zone. Therefore, the time difference to the coordinated world time is 2 hours (UTC+2). In the summer months (end of March to the end of October) the time is changed to daylight saving time. Then the difference to the world clock is 3 hours.
Bordering Countries of Moldova
According to abbreviationfinder, Moldova is bordered by four countries: Romania to the west, Ukraine to the north and east, and Transnistria to the south. To the west of Moldova lies Romania, a country with a rich cultural heritage and stunning landscapes. Here visitors can explore vibrant cities such as Bucharest or take part in thrilling outdoor activities such as hiking or skiing.
To the north of Moldova lies Ukraine, a country known for its beautiful mountains and stunning architecture. Here visitors can explore bustling cities such as Kiev or take part in exciting outdoor activities such as cycling or rock climbing.
To the east of Moldova lies Transnistria, also known as Pridnestrovie, an unrecognized state that offers something unique for travelers looking to explore this part of Eastern Europe further. From Tiraspol’s Soviet-era remnants or Bender’s historic fortress – there are plenty opportunities for exploration in this region. Whether it’s Grigoriopol’s vibrant culture or Dubasari’s scenic landscapes – there are plenty of ways to experience this part of Eastern Europe.
Finally, to the south lies Ukraine again, offering something special for travelers looking to explore this part of Eastern Europe further than just Moldova itself. From Odessa’s stunning beaches or Chernivtsi’s romantic cafes – there are plenty opportunities for exploration in these bordering countries. Whether it’s Lviv’s cobbled streets or Kharkiv’s bustling markets – there are plenty of ways to experience this part of Eastern Europe.
Overall, Moldova borders four countries that offer something special for travelers looking to explore this part of Eastern Europe further than just Moldova itself. From Romania’s beautiful landscapes or Ukraine’s stunning architecture – there are plenty opportunities for exploration in these bordering countries. Whether it’s Transnistria’s Soviet-era reminders or Ukraine’s cobbled streets – there are plenty of ways to experience this part of Eastern Europe.
As of 2023, the latest population of Moldova is 3,364,496, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||-1.08%|
|Birth rate||11.50 births per 1,000 people|
|65 years and above||13.08%|
|Median age||36.00 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||0.94|
|Population density||99.39 residents per km²|
|75.8% Moldovans, 8.4% Ukrainians, 5.9% Russians, 4.4% Gagauz, 2.2% Roma, 1.9% Bulgarians; (without Transnistria)|
|Orthodox 98.5%, Jews 1.5%, Baptists and others 0.5% (2000)|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.711|
|HDI ranking||107th out of 194|
People in Moldova
Moldova has 3.5 million residents. The number has been falling for years. Each woman has an average of 1.2 children.
Around 57 percent of the population live in the country, 43 percent in a city. The largest cities are Chișinău, Tiraspol (which, however, is in Transnistria) and Bălṭi (also Belz in German).
90 percent of the population belong to an Orthodox church. Moldova has a long Christian tradition.
69 percent of the population are Moldovans. You are one of the Romanians. Ukrainians make up 11 percent and Russians 10 percent. The next largest group are the Gagauz, a Turkic-speaking people, with 4.9 percent. They live in the Gagauzia region in the south-west of the country. Bulgarians, Jews, Germans and Poles are other small minorities.
However, the distribution in the country is different. In Transnistria, only 32 percent Moldovans live, but 30 percent Russians and 29 percent Ukrainians. This is also the reason for the Transnistria conflict.
Languages in Moldova
The official language in Moldova is Romanian. Speak a Moldavian dialect of Romanian, the Moldovan. The differences to Romanian are small. On August 31, 1989, Romanian was reintroduced as the official language. This is celebrated annually at the “Limba Noastră cea Română”, which means: Our language, the Romanian.
Since 1991 it has been written in Latin letters again. Previously, with the incorporation into the Soviet Union in 1930, the use of the Cyrillic script had become mandatory. In the breakaway parts in the east of the country, in Transnistria, the Cyrillic script is still used.
Because Russian was the official language for decades, it is still widely used in everyday life. Most of the population understand Russian, for 16 percent of the population it is even their mother tongue.