Lithuania Country Overview
Where is Lithuania located? The state of Lithuania is located in northern Europe and at the same time it is the most southern of the three Baltic states. The time zone map, which divides all countries into time zones, shows that Lithuania is in a time zone called “Eastern European Time” (EET). There the time difference to the coordinated world time is 2 hours (UTC+2). In summer, the time is put forward one hour to summer time (“Eastern European Summer Time”).
Bordering Countries of Lithuania
According to abbreviationfinder, Lithuania is a small landlocked country located in Northern Europe. It is bordered by four countries, Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Each of these countries has had a long and close relationship with Lithuania, with many cultural and political ties existing between them.
Latvia is one of Lithuania’s closest neighbors and they share a common history as part of the former Soviet Union. Political ties between the two countries are strong, with both being members of the Council of Europe and NATO. In addition, Lithuania has granted Latvia customs union status since 2004. This allows goods from Latvia to be imported into Lithuania without paying any customs fees or duties. The two countries also have an agreement on free movement of people across their borders which allows Latvians to travel freely between the two countries without a visa or passport.
Belarus also has long-standing ties with Lithuania; both were part of the former Soviet Union and share many cultural similarities as well as common economic interests in oil and gas production. Cross-border trade between Belarus and Lithuania is quite significant; with many Belarusian companies having branches in Lithuania due to its favorable tax laws for foreign investors. The two countries are also closely linked through their shared membership in international organizations such as the United Nations and Commonwealth of Independent States.
Poland has been an important trading partner for Lithuania since it regained its independence in 1990; this includes trade in energy resources such as oil and gas as well as agricultural products such as grains, dairy products, meat, fruits, vegetables, fish etc.. Political ties between Poland and Lithuania are also strong; both are members of NATO since 1999 as well as being signatories of various treaties including those regarding border control issues along their shared border region known as Suwalki Gap.
Kaliningrad Oblast (or simply Kaliningrad) is an exclave region belonging to Russia which borders Lithuanian territory on its southwestern side; this region was formerly part of East Prussia which was annexed by Russia at the end of World War II in 1945. Despite this annexation there remain strong cultural ties between Kaliningrad Oblast and its neighboring states including Lithuania – most notably through their shared Christian heritage – while economic links remain important due to Kaliningrad’s role in providing access for Lithuanian goods into Russian markets via its port city Klaipeda located on its western edge abutting Lithuanian territory.
As of 2023, the latest population of Lithuania is 2,731,464, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||-1.13%|
|Birth rate||9.90 births per 1,000 people|
|65 years and above||19.91%|
|Median age||43.10 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||0.89|
|Population density||41.83 residents per km²|
|84.2% Lithuanians, 6.6% Poles, 5.8% Russians, 1.2% Belarusians, 0.5% Ukrainians; Lipka Tatars, Karaeans and others – proportion of foreigners 2015: 0.8%|
|Catholics (Roman Catholic) (primarily), Lutherans, Russian Orthodox, Protestants, Evangelical Christians, Baptists, Muslims, Jews|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.869|
|HDI ranking||34th out of 194|
People in Lithuania
2.8 million people live in Lithuania. Many residents have emigrated since independence in 1991. This trend continues to this day. A particularly large number of Lithuanians live in Great Britain, Ireland and Norway. In addition, because only a few babies are born, the number of residents has been falling for years. Each woman has an average of 1.6 children.
68 percent of the population live in a city. With a number of 500,000, one sixth of all residents live in Vilnius. The second largest city is Kaunas with almost 300,000 people.
Most of the residents are Lithuanians, 84 percent. In addition, 5.8 percent Russians live in the country and 6.6 percent Poles. Smaller minorities with 1.2 and 0.5 percent are Belarusians and Ukrainians.
Languages in Lithuania
Most of the residents of Lithuania speak Lithuanian. Polish and Russian are also spoken by the Poles and Russians who live in Lithuania. Polish is spoken particularly around Vilnius in the southeast. Because Russian was spoken in Lithuania for decades when it was part of the Soviet Union, a special Polish has developed that is mixed with Russian expressions. This is called Lithuanian Polish.
Russian was never the first official language in Lithuania. As a lingua franca, however, it was used by many people. Forms and street signs were bilingual at the time.
Lithuanian is a Baltic language. Lithuanian has retained many of the characteristics of the original Indo-European language. Particular care is taken to preserve the language in its purity. So foreign words should be avoided and new terms are created for them. Names are also colored in Lithuanian. Harry Potter is called Haris Poteris in Lithuania.
Male nouns have the endings -as, -is or -us, and feminine nouns have -a or -ė. The word Schlagbaum can be found as a loan word in Lithuanian and is then called šlagbaumas. Here you can also see that nouns in Lithuanian are capitalized, only proper names are capitalized.
The Lithuanian alphabet
Lithuanian is written with Latin letters (this is the name of the letters with which we write German, as in this text). There are also some characters in Lithuanian such as ticks and dots. There are, for example, ą, č, ę, ė, š or ū.
Religions in Lithuania
Most of the residents of Lithuania are Christians. Here the Catholics form the vast majority with 80 percent of all residents. 4.1 percent belong to the Russian Orthodox Church. 2.1 percent are Protestants.