Texas, abbreviated to TX, is the second largest state in the United States of America in terms of both area and population. The total population is around 26 million. The state’s nickname is “the Lone Star State”.
The capital of Texas is Austin, but Texas is home to many other major cities, including Houston, Dallas, and San Antonio. See all cities in Texas. In the last century, livestock was still the main source of income. now the oil industry is the main source of income for Texans.
The shape of Texas is one of the best known of the American states. Texas measures over 1,200 kilometers from west to east and from north to south. Texas is located on the Gulf of Mexico and has a long coastline. The state has an international border with Mexico and borders the Mexican states of Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Chihuahua. It further borders the US states of New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana. The landscape ranges from deserts in the west to the High Plains in the north, the prairies in the middle and the forests in the east of the state.
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Guadalupe Mountains National Park is part of the Guadalupe Mountains, which is located in the west of Texas in the United States of America. The park covers an area of 350 km2 and is characterized by exposed rock peaks and at the same time the flat and arid landscape of the Texas desert.
Millions of years ago, the park’s territory was the bottom and reef of a prehistoric ocean whose waters covered much of New Mexico and Texas. Today, the flat desert landscape is full of cacti and majestic mountains literally rise out of it, dominated by the famous rock wall named El Capitan, which is a kind of smaller limestone version of the rock wall of the same name in Yosemite National Park. For many years, El Capitan was an important landmark in the landscape.
However, the highest point of the park and at the same time the whole of Texas is Guadalupe Peak with a height of 2667 meters above sea level. However, the ascent to the top is quite demanding and about 14 km long, but whoever manages it will be rewarded with an unmistakable beautiful view of the surrounding area. It is even possible that you will encounter snow at the very top. As the park is criss-crossed with about 130 km of nature trails, which are meticulously maintained by the management of the park, it is an ideal place for lovers of hiking, mountain climbing and nature stays. It is the right place where the heart of every wilderness wanderer will jump with joy. The routes pass through deep ravines and then climb high into mountain saddles. Among the most popular routes is a trip to McKittrick Canyon, which is part of the park.
The best time to visit the park is autumn, when the diverse vegetation here is covered in warm colors and the temperatures are slightly more bearable than in the peak of summer. In addition to interesting plant species, you can also come across a number of animals here, the most interesting of which are probably bears, cougars and wild cats. About two kilometers north of the Pine Springs Visitor Center are the remains of the Pinery Butterfield Stage Station. The stagecoach is proof that the first all-important transcontinental postal route led right here in the middle of the 19th century. Today, the national park is under the administration of the National Park Service, which takes care of its maintenance and operation.
The area now called Texas was originally settled by Native American tribes. Apache, Atakapa, Bidai, Caddo, Comanche, Karankawa, Kiowa, Tonkawa, and Wichita still live in present-day Texas.
On November 6, 1528, shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca became the first European to set foot on Texas soil. Above that bottom have fluttered six flags: the Fleur-de-lis of France, and the national flags of Spain, Mexico, Republic of Texas, the United States of America, and the Confederate States of America.
Texas was part of the Spanish colony of New Spain in the centuries following the Spanish conquest. After Mexican independence, in 1821, Texas became part of Mexico along with the Mexican Coahuila de Zaragoza as Coahuila y Tejas. Meanwhile, many Anglo-Americans migrated to Texas, eventually outnumbering the Hispanic population. The Anglo-Texans were called Texians, the Spanish/Mexican Texans Tejano’s. When Mexican dictator Antonio López de Santa Anna repealed the 1824 Constitution and replaced Coahuila y Tejas with departments in 1835, the Texians declared Texas independence. After first being defeated at the legendary Battle of the Alamo, the rebels defeated and captured Santa Anna in the spring of 1836 at the Battle of San Jacinto, which subsequently recognized the independence of the Republic of Texas. The Texans considered the Rio Grande to be their western frontier, which was previously the Nueces. In 1840 the independent Republic of the Rio Grande arose for a short time on the other side of the Rio Grande. When it was violently rejoined Mexico the same year, Texas feared for its independence and sought further rapprochement with the United States.
On December 29, 1845, President James K. Polk of the United States of America enacted a law annexing Texas. Texas became the 28th state of the United States. A year later, after a battle in the area claimed by both Mexico and the United States, the Mexican-American War broke out.
Until World War II, Texas was a predominantly agricultural area, with agriculture and livestock, and petroleum extraction as the main industry. In 1926 San Antonio was the largest city, with more than 120 thousand inhabitants.
After World War II, Texas became highly industrialized. Around 2000, the economy is based on information technology, oil and gas extraction, power generation and trade, agriculture, and industry. The two major economic centers are the Houston Metropolitan Area around Houston (petrochemicals; NASA), and the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex around Dallas and Fort Worth, the center of agriculture and information technology. The cost of living in Texas is relatively low; no income tax is levied by the state; the tax on trade is low; and government involvement is low. As a result, Texas has experienced strong economic growth since the 1990s.
|Nickname:||Lone Star State|
|Joined the US as the 28th state on:||29 december 1845|
|Geography:||Bordering Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mexico, New Mexico|
|Governors:||John Cornyn & Ted Cruz|
|California official website:||texas.gov|