Maryland, nicknamed Old Line State, is a state in the eastern United States of America. The state has a diverse landscape with many sandy beaches, Chesapeake Bay, and forested mountain ranges in the Appalachian Mountains. Also in Maryland, Camp David is the president’s country house. The largest city is Baltimore but the capital is Annapolis. See all cities in Maryland. In Baltimore you will find the sights of Little Italy, Little Lithuania and the birthplace of baseball legend Babe Ruth.
Maryland is one of the Mid-Atlantic states and borders the states of Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia and Washington DC. The large peninsula Delmarva Peninsula lies in the east with parts of Maryland and Virginia. Western Maryland is sparsely populated and mountainous while the center is urbanized. Maryland’s highest point is the 1,024-foot Hoye-Crest. Some major rivers in Maryland include the Potomac River along the Virginia border and the Susquehanna River in the northeast.
In the eastern part of the United States of America, the city of Baltimore is located in the state of Maryland, with a population of around 750,000. However, more than 2.2 million people live in the entire agglomeration. It is the largest city of the state and at the same time its strategic center. Baltimore is located in central Maryland, about an hour’s drive northeast of the capital, Annapolis.
The city was founded on July 30, 1729, and today it is the economic, cultural and entertainment center of the region. It was named after Lord Baltimore, a member of the Irish House of Lords who was the founder of the colonies in Maryland and at the same time the governor of the province here. After the decline of the manufacturing industry, the economy focused on the service sector and tourism. The largest employers in the city are Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Hospital.
One of the city’s biggest attractions is the National Aquarium. More than 5,000 fish and other interesting inhabitants of the underwater world are hidden here in a multi-story building. Here you have the opportunity to reveal the veil of its secrets and “blend in” among sharks, whales and other inhabitants of the aquatic environment. Other attractions are the Natural History Museum, Fort McHenry or the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Museum.
Directly opposite the Aquarium, a new and restored shopping center stretches around the bay. Where old fishermen’s huts once stood, modern shopping centers Inner Harbor (Inner Harbor) have grown up, which invite visitors to a pleasant sitting in restaurants and cafes. The number of shops will ensure enough souvenirs for your needs. However, the historic frigate USS Constellation from 1854 attracts the most attention. An American submarine that operated during World War II in the waters of the Pacific near Japan is also on display here. Baltimore is a major transportation hub (seaport, BWI airport).
In 1524 Giovanni Verrazano discovered the coast of Maryland. in 1634 the first settlers invaded Maryland led by George Calvert, Baron Baltimore, who named the colony after Queen Henriette Maria, wife of Charles I of England. Cecil Calvert’s son began the colonization. The colony was intended as a refuge for persecuted Catholics.
Maryland became the 18th state to join the United States of America on April 28, 1788. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), Maryland sided with the Union of the Northern States.
Maryland has an economy that is very diverse. The industries, especially printing, publishing, transportation vehicles and the chemical industry are most important to the state. After industry, agriculture, fishing and mining are a major source of income. The main agricultural products are maize, soybeans, poultry, fruit and tobacco. The fishery mainly supplies crab, oysters and mussels. Mining mainly extracts coal, gravel and sand.
Another source of income is tourism around Chesapeake Bay and Baltimore. Also, due to its proximity to Washington DC, many government agencies are located in Maryland, such as the Atomic Energy Commission and the National Security Agency.
|Nickname:||Old Line State|
|Joined the US as the 18th state on:||28 april 1788|
|Geography:||Bordering Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania and Delaware|
|state motto:||Manly deeds, womanly words|
|California official website:||maryland.gov|