Maine, nicknamed Pine Tree State, is the most northeastern state of the United States of America and is located on the Atlantic Ocean in the New England region. Maine consists mainly of forests and is the least populated state east of the Mississippi River. As in many other states, the capital is not the large city of Portland, but the smaller Augusta. See all cities in Maine. The state is best known for its many distinctive lighthouses along the Atlantic coast. Well-known lighthouses are the West Quoddy Head light at Lubec and the Portland Head Light at Cape Elizabeth. Maine has many large lakes, including Moosehead Lake and South Twin Lake. Maine’s seafood restaurants are known for the local lobster served there.
Maine is the easternmost state in the country and borders the Canadian provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick and the state of New Hampshire. The state is 380 kilometers from north to south and 330 kilometers from west to east. The state consists mainly of low mountain ranges that are densely forested. The highest point in the state is the 1610 meter high Mount Katahdin. Maine’s major rivers are the Kennebec River and Penobscot River. Maine has numerous small islands along its coastline, many of which are unpopulated.
Around 1200, the Norwegians were the first Europeans to visit Maine for trade with the Native Americans. In 1604, the French established the first permanent settlement and then named it Acadia. In 1652, it was annexed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony. On March 15, 1820, Maine joined the United States of America. Around 1840, there was a conflict between Maine and the British colony of Canada over where the border would come. Despite the fact that there was no fighting, this conflict was called the Aroostook War. In 1842, the border was established with Canada in the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
The main sector of Maine is the wood industry, this is of course because Maine consists of more than 80% forest. Other industries in Maine include furniture, shipbuilding, granite, chemical, and printing.
Agriculture mainly supplies potatoes, eggs and dairy products. The fishery produces shrimp, herring, lobster and mussels. Because the state is located in the attractive New England region, there is also a lot of tourism.
|Nickname:||Pine Tree State|
|Joined the US as the 23rd state on:||March 15, 1820|
|Geography:||Bordering Quebec (Canada), New Brunswick (Canada) and New Hampshire|
|state motto:||I Lead|
|Maine official website:||maine.gov|