Nicknamed ‘Gem State’, Idaho is one of the most sparsely populated states in the United States of America. Idaho owes its nickname to gemstones, as well as many of the rugged and breathtaking wildernesses found here. Because Idaho lies between the west coast and the mighty Rocky Mountains, it has an unprecedented variety of landscapes, such as snowy peaks, sand dunes and deep canyons. But Idaho with the capital Boise has more, cruise the Snake River or spot wild horses on the endless grassy plains. See all cities in Idaho. Idaho is truly a pearl of a state.
Idaho is a large state and borders Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, Oregon, Washington and Canadian British Columbia. Idaho is 770 kilometers from north to south and 480 kilometers from east to west. The state is in the shape of a boot.
Idaho has vast areas of wilderness, especially in the middle of the state. The state also has numerous large mountain ranges such as the Sawtooth Range, the Salmon River Mountains and the Lost River Range with the 3,861 meter high Borah Peak as the highest point. The inaccessible Bitterroot Range straddles the border with Montana and the flat desert areas to the south.
Idaho’s largest river is the Snake River and forms part of the border with Oregon through America’s largest canyon, the Hells Canyon. Other rivers include the Salmon River and the Pend Oreille River.
Before the arrival of the Europeans, Idaho was inhabited by the Nez Perce and Shoshone Indians. There are still some large Native American reservations in Idaho.
On March 4, 1863, after Abraham Lincoln signed a law, the Idaho Territory was created. At the time of signing, only 17,000 people lived in this area. Around 1849, many passed through the state on their way to the west coast to search for gold (Gold Rush). Gold was discovered in Idaho around 1866. This and the opening of the transcontinental railway brought many people to the region in 1869. After President Benjamin Harrison signed into law on July 3, 1890, Idaho officially joined the United States of America as the 43rd.
For a state in the north of the Rocky Mountains, Idaho has a rich economy. Agriculture still plays an important role with the potato being the most widely grown agricultural product. But the forestry and paper industry also make a major contribution to the economy. Because Idaho is seen as an advantageous tax haven, many High Tech companies are located around Boise. The sprawling nuclear research center, the Idaho National Laboratory, is located in the south of the state.
|Joined the US as the 43rd State||July 3, 1890|
|Geography||Bordering Washington, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada and Oregon|
|state motto||Esto Perpetua (Let it be perpetual.|