Probably the proudest and also the most internationally known state is the Free State of Bavaria. Not least because of the soccer club FC Bayern Munich or the Oktoberfest, which together with the Bavarian costume in the foreign countries always with Germany inlinkis brought. They are also proud of their brewing skills and the cozy nature of the people here. The metropolis of Munich is the capital of Bavaria. Located in the southwest of the Federal Republic of Germany, Bavaria is the largest federal state in terms of area.
The direct neighbors are Austria, Lake Constance, Switzerland and the Czech Republic. Bavaria also shares borders with Baden-Württemberg, Hesse, Thuringia and Saxony.
For geographical and traditional reasons, Bavaria is divided into the regions of Franconia, Swabia Altbayern with the districts of Upper Palatinate, Upper and Lower Bavaria.
The Danube, which is the focus of many songs, poems and stories from Bavaria, runs through the entire area.
The history of Bavaria
King Ludwig I of Bavaria and decided on October 20, 1825 that Bavaria should be written with y. Before that, the region was written with i, meaning Baiern.
The reason is that his son Otto was named King of Greece. However, the medieval spelling also suggests that Bavaria was already written as Bayrn in the Middle Ages.
You can still see traces of Celtic settlements and the influence of the Roman Empire in the areas and cities of Old Bavaria. Because at the time of Emperor Augustus this part of Bavaria belonged to the Roman Empire.
After the end of the Carolingian government, it was again possible for the Bavarian dukes to register their independence in the Free State. This created a younger tribal duchy, as it had already existed around 555, but was later dissolved. This younger tribal duchy ended with the separation of Styria and the margraviate of Istria in 1180, as the Hohenstaufen Friedrich I. Barbarossa triumphed over the Guelph Heinrich the Lion.
From then until 1918, Bayer was a territorial duchy and was subordinate to the Wittelsbach family. In 1918 the Wittelsbach monarchy came to an abrupt end. The reason for this was the November unrest throughout Germany. On November 8, 1918, Bavaria was unceremoniously declared a free state by Kurt Eisner, which it has remained to this day. Economy and work in Bavaria Bavaria is not only rich in culture and beautiful landscapes, but is also one of the economically strongest and richest federal states in Germany. Lots of big companies, also important from an international point of view, have set up locations here. In addition to the leading companies in the automotive industry such as Mercedes Benz and BMW, Audi, MAN, Siemens, Microsoft and Infineon are also represented here. The media landscape is also impressive and abundant. In Ismaning near Munich, for example, the Pro7 and Sat1 channels, Sky Deutschland and Burda Verlag have their main buildings.
Tourist things around Bavaria
Beer gardens, white sausage and hearty dishes are among the classics of Bavarian cuisine and are therefore also associated with Bavaria by most tourists. Next to the main attraction, the Oktoberfest in Munich, amusement parks and trade fairs are major tourist destinations. In addition, the old towns of Bavaria offer wonderful architectural masterpieces from bygone times that should not be missed.
Brandenburg in Germany
Brandenburg is one of the federal states of Federal Republic Germany, it is located in the northeast of the country. The capital of Brandenburg is Potsdam. Brandenburg shares borders with Poland as well as the Federal states Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Lower Saxony and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
The Brandenburg region is located around the capital Berlin. Berlin is a separate federal state and, despite repeated efforts by politicians, does not belong to Brandenburg.
The history of Brandenburg
The date of the foundation of the Mark Brandenburg was dated June 11, 1157. At that time the Ascanian Albrecht the Bear is said to have appropriated the area. As a result, Brandenburg became part of the Holy Roman Empire.
This rule was replaced by the Hohenzollern. They ruled in Brandenburg from 1415 to 1918. The Prussian province of Brandenburg was created in 1815. After 1945, the end of the Second World War, this became the State of Brandenburg appointed. Later, after the division of Germany, the newly formed GDR was divided into districts. After the reunification of Germany in 1990, Brandenburg had to be re-established as a federal state and has existed in its current form ever since.
Landscapes of Brandenburg
Brandenburg has a history of formation that was strongly influenced by the Ice Age. This created numerous lakes in the area of Brandenburg. The state of Brandenburg is very rich in water today. There are over 800 bodies of water with an area of over one hectare. In addition, there are many smaller lakes in the region. The largest lake that was created naturally is the Schwielochsee, with a size of 13.3 square kilometers. Some of the lakes also have an impressive depth. With a depth of almost 70 meters, the Stechlin is the deepest of all, it is also the lake with the best water quality.
The settlement of the Brandenburg region
Brandenburg areas were originally settled by Germanic Semnones. These were supplemented by the West Slavic tribes at the time of the wave of migrations. The name of the Brandenburg area also comes from this time.
The first eastern settlement was conquered and subjugated in 929 by the East Franconian King Heinrich I. The so-called dioceses of Havelberg and Brandenburg were founded to Christianize the Slavic population. However, the Slavs did not want to submit without a fight and so the population was seething until they recaptured the area of today’s Brandenburg in 983. For 100 years there was no German rule in the area until the Holy Roman Empire subjugated Brandenburg to the German nation.
This was followed by the founding of the Mark Brandenburg and the immediate settlement by numerous German and Flemish immigrants. The Heveller retreated towards their fishing villages. The Wends lived next to the Germans until the 15th century, but mostly in separate settlements. After a short period of robber baronage, the rule of the Hohenzollern family returned to Brandenburg in 1411.
The population in Brandenburg continued to grow. But then it came to the Thirty Years War, which brought devastation, death and destruction to the impoverished Mark Brandenburg. It was not until 1640 that a renewed rise and the process of rebuilding Brandenburg succeeded. Brandenburg recovered again
under Elector Friedrich Wilhelm.