The marking of time and its instruments date back many millennia. The watches not only helped the man to develop, but also have been transformed in accordance with those taking place in societies around the world. How about going through a synthesis of the history of watches and see what the future awaits for such equipment?
Using natural resources
The earliest known sun-markers are the sun-baton, which was a rustic wooden stick encased in the ground, accompanied by the movement of the sun’s shadow, and the clepsydra, which was treated of a primitive hydraulic clock. Such instruments were usually in sight of all the people, in squares or special meeting places, and were known in Egypt, Asia Minor and China, more than 5000 years ago. Already in the last centuries before Christ, the sundials were judiciously improved, using stones, wood and marble structures with several solar quadrants, especially in ancient Greece. Only in the third century d. C. is that the first references to markers that used sand to count the passage of time (hourglasses) appear.
From public to private
It was only in the fourteenth century that the earliest domestic clocks appeared in the Italian Peninsula from various innovations for the period, from new mechanisms to the introduction of new motor elements, such as spring. Finally, a watchmaker from Nuremberg, named Peter Henlein, invented the first portable watch, as early as the fifteenth century. Basically, the clock of the time was a mechanical device, powered by a rolled steel strip (spiral spring), which moved gears to the balance wheel. The turns of this piece formed a harmonic oscillator, that swayed to a certain rate, marking the time. The following five centuries were devoted to refining the mechanisms and parts of the mechanical watch. In the seventeenth century, men began to wear watches in their pockets, in new rounded and flat shapes,
The arrival of wristwatches
Two major innovations emerged in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Wristwatches were first used by the military in the late 1800s, due to the importance of synchronizing maneuvers during battles without revealing plans by flagging enemies in the battlefield. It was impractical to wear pocket watches mounted on horses, so the soldiers began tying the clocks on their wrists. Several companies noted the market thread and began to manufacture watches as early as the 1880s, initially housed in a leather strap. In the 1950s, some atomic clocks were designed and built, but it was the quartz watch, as early as the 1960s, that would revolutionize time-marking technology by replacing the rocking wheel with a quartz crystal, which tremula,
The mass popularization of wristwatches
In the 1970s, some North American factories manufactured the first electronic quartz wristwatch, with a digital display of LED numbers (Light Emitting Diode). In the sequence, a display with numbers in LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) was also developed. The wristwatch market has spread more and more to most people, who had admirable variety of models, brands, shapes and colors to choose from. Some models have added certain instruments such as compass, stopwatch and calendar.
The innovations of the future
The turn of millennium came to bring novelties previously unthought for the clock, seen at the time as a simple marker of time. In addition to the perseverance of the brands to innovate in aspects such as design and good use of materials, some special types of watches have been designed to incorporate diverse functionalities, such as connecting the internet, voice communication, registration of notifications (emails and SMS, example), cameras, GPS positioning, among others. That is, the idea is that, in parallel to the trading of sports models and classic best-known, users access smart watches soon, including various features, depending on the model and the brand.
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